彩票到底有人要中奖 原標題：【專訪】董克用：退休決策權應交給個人，但政府可鼓勵晚領養老金 中共中央在關于制定國民經濟和社會發展第十四個五年規劃和二〇三五年遠景目標的建議中，首次將積極應對人口老齡化列為國家戰略，并提出了“實施漸進式延遲法定退休年齡”等具體措施 業內普遍認為，刺激汽車消費關鍵在于政府和企業聯動，精準施策
- MID owns and operates more than 100 water wells. About half of these are used for water table control on the west side of the MID water service area where there is a high water table. Without being able to control the elevation of the water table via pumping from shallow wells the soil conditions would be waterlogged and crops would not be able to be grown.
- The remaining 50 or so wells are deeper production wells that are used to supplement the surface water supply in the canal distribution system. Most of these deeper wells are located immediately adjacent to the canal system in MID-owned rights-of-way.
- MID pumps on an average annual basis about 38,000 acre feet.
- These facilities are replaced and/or upgraded on an ongoing basis at the rate of three replacement/upgrades per year.
- The loss of recharge that has occurred due to the conversion from agricultural to urban land use (almost 28,000 acres over the last 60 years) and the ensuing increase in urban demand (met by groundwater) resulted in an continually expanding and deepening groundwater “cone of depression” in the Modesto urban area.
- That adverse effect, in part, led to the planning and ultimate construction of the Modesto Regional Water Treatment Plant (MRWTP), owned and operated by MID. Phase 1 of the MRWTP, completed in 1994, supplies more than 30 million gallons per day (mgd) to the City of Modesto (roughly 50% of the annual average demand). The resulting relaxation of groundwater withdrawals by the City allowed groundwater levels to recover by more than 40 feet in the local urban area.
- Phase Two of the MRWTP (an additional 30 mgd) is presently under construction.
- It’s critical for local agencies to cooperate when managing water resources. Piecemeal efforts just don’t work. To address this need, the STRGBA (Stanislaus & Tuolumne River Groundwater Basin Association, represented by the cities of Modesto, Oakdale and Riverbank, Stanislaus County, Oakdale Irrigation District and the Modesto Irrigation District) was formed. MID is leading the effort to manage groundwater quantity and protect groundwater quality in the region and throughout the basin as demonstrated by the following programs and projects.
- The plan, adopted in 2005, encourages local agencies to work cooperatively, takes a basin-wide (regional) approach, is based on a solid body of scientific data, and will be refined and updated over time.
- The plan’s goal is to protect the quantity and quality of groundwater resources through the development and implementation of Basin Management Objectives.
- Create a scientific toolkit that local agencies can use to make wise choices about water management and land use.
- One tool will be a predictive 3-D computer model of the groundwater basin.
- Let’s say a water manager plans to drill 15 new wells. Before putting that plan into action, he can use the model to test his plan and forecast the results.
- Another example: Where are the best areas and methods for achieving groundwater recharge?
- The model is to be completed and made available by the end of 2012.
- A separate study took a look at how MID can get the greatest benefit out of its own water wells in concert with surface water, under both dry and wet conditions. This resulted in the Wellfield Optimization Decision Support System and was paid for under a grant that MID received under the umbrella of the STRGBA.
- Another study that was performed for STRGBA was the mapping of the zones of recharge within the Modesto Subbasin.
- The resulting maps show that the areas with the greatest recharge occur primarily to the north and east of the City of Modesto, and in the area surrounding Modesto Reservoir.
- This study was performed under the guidance of DWR via a local assistance program and at no cost to any of the agency members of STRGBA.